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山西省晉綏文化教育發展基金會
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山西好風光—滹沱河

發布日期:2018-07-06 21:58    來源:山西省晉綏文化教育發展基金會    作者:基金會
 
情系滹沱河  
    滹沱河古又作虖池(音同"呼駝")或滹池,是海河水系的主要河流之一。滹沱河發源于山西省繁峙縣泰戲山孤山村一帶,向西南流經恒山與五臺山之間,至界河折向東流,切穿系舟山和太行山,東流至河北省獻縣臧橋與滏陽河相匯成子牙河后入海。全長587公里,流域面積2.73萬平方公里。主要支流有陽武河、云中河、牧馬河、同河、清水河、南坪河、冶河等,呈羽狀排列,主要集中在黃壁莊以上,以下無支流匯入。
滹沱河暮色風光
   流域內地勢自西向東呈階梯狀傾斜,西部地處山西高原東緣山地和盆地,地勢高,黃土分布較厚;中部為太行山背斜形成的山地,富煤礦;東部為平原。流域內天然植被稀少,水土流失較重。流經山區、山地和丘陵的面積約占全流域面積的86%,河流總落差達1800余米,幊匾陨蠟樯嫌,沿五臺山向西南流淌于帶狀盆地中,河槽寬自一二百米至千米不等,水流緩慢,幊刂翇從蠟橹杏,流經太行山區,河谷深切,呈"V"形谷,寬度均在200米以下,落差大,水流湍急。黃壁莊以下為下游,流經平原,河道寬廣,最寬可達6000米,水流緩慢,泥沙淤積,漸成地上河或半地上河,兩岸筑有堤防。
滹沱河畔的夕陽
滹沱河原平縣段美景
    滹沱河,是一條古老的河,歷史久遠,名稱多異!抖Y記》稱"惡池"或"霍池"!吨芏Y》稱"厚池"。戰國時稱"呼淪水"(呼池水)。 秦稱"厚池河"!妒酚洝贩Q"滹沱",也稱"亞淪"。東漢稱"滹沱河"!端涀ⅰ贩Q"滹沱"。曹魏稱"呼沱河"。西晉稱"滹沱河"。北魏曾一度改稱"清寧河"。
滹沱河濕地風光
代縣滹沱河風光
盂縣境內滹沱河漂流
滹沱河精靈
滹沱牧牛圖
    滹沱河流域屬溫帶大陸性季風氣候,全流域已建有崗南、黃壁莊(見崗南水庫、黃壁莊水利樞紐)、孤山、下茹越、觀上、雙乳山、石板、下觀、大石門、郭莊等大中水庫10座及眾多小型水庫、塘壩,洪水災害基本控制,灌溉、發電效益顯著。流域內礦藏豐富,尤富煤。有石家莊、陽泉等城市,經濟發達。革命勝地西柏坡、蒼巖山風景區及隆興寺等名勝古跡可供游覽。(根據360百度百科改編整理,圖片來源于網絡。)
 
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